Now showing 1 - 8 of 8
  • Publication
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    Faktorielle und konvergente Validität der Kurzversion des „Fragebogens zu Gedanken und Gefühlen“ (FGG-14) bei Borderline-Persönlichkeitsstörung
    (2023) ;
    Beller, Johannes 
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    Dreyße, Kathrin 
    Der „Fragebogen zu Gedanken und Gefühlen“ (FGG) wird sowohl als Screeninginstrument als auch zur Therapieplanung und -evaluation bei PatientInnen mit Borderline-Persönlichkeitsstörung (BPS) eingesetzt. Primäres Ziel der vorliegenden Studie war die Validierung der zugrundeliegenden faktoriellen Struktur der 14 Items umfassenden Kurzversion FGG-14. Zusätzlich sollten Itemcharakteristika, Reliabilität und Hinweise auf konvergente Validität ermittelt werden. Eine diagnostisch homogene Stichprobe von PatientInnen mit BPS (N=3035) einer psychosomatischen Klinik erhielt verschiedene Selbstbeurteilungsinstrumente, darunter den FGG-14. Das erwartete einfaktorielle Modell der Struktur des FGG hatte keine ausreichende Güte der Modellfitindizes (CFI=0,751; TLI=0,706; RMSEA=0,115; SRMR=0,073). Explorative Faktorenanalysen zeigten Hinweise auf zwei oder drei spezifische Faktoren. In einer erneuten konfirmatorischen Faktorenanalyse erwies sich ein Bi-Faktor-Modell mit zwei spezifischen Faktoren als überlegen (CFI=0,956; TLI=0,936; RMSEA=0,054; SRMR=0,034). Die interne Konsistenz der Gesamtskala sowie der vorgeschlagenen Subskalen „Beziehungsschwierigkeiten und emotionale Dysregulation“ sowie „Autoaggression“ nahm akzeptable bis gute Werte (ω=0,81–0,84; α=0,79–0,85) an. Die Zusammenhänge zu konstruktnahen Skalen waren erwartungsgemäß. Die psychometrischen Gütekriterien des FGG-14 können damit bestätigt werden. Die Betrachtung der Subskalen kann die Behandlungsplanung unterstützen.
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  • Publication
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    Decline of depressive symptoms in Europe: differential trends across the lifespan
    (2021)
    Beller, Johannes 
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    Regidor, Enrique 
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    Lostao, Lourdes 
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    Miething, Alexander 
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    Safieddine, Batoul 
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    Tetzlaff, Fabian 
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    Sperlich, Stefanie 
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    Geyer, Siegfried 
    PURPOSE We examined changes in the burden of depressive symptoms between 2006 and 2014 in 18 European countries across different age groups. METHODS We used population-based data drawn from the European Social Survey (N = 64.683, 54% female, age 14-90 years) covering 18 countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Ireland, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland) from 2006 to 2014. Depressive symptoms were measured via the CES-D 8. Generalized additive models, multilevel regression, and linear regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS We found a general decline in CES-D 8 scale scores in 2014 as compared with 2006, with only few exceptions in some countries. This decline was most strongly pronounced in older adults, less strongly in middle-aged adults, and least in young adults. Including education, health and income partially explained the decline in older but not younger or middle-aged adults. CONCLUSIONS Burden of depressive symptoms decreased in most European countries between 2006 and 2014. However, the decline in depressive symptoms differed across age groups and was most strongly pronounced in older adults and least in younger adults. Future studies should investigate the mechanisms that contribute to these overall and differential changes over time in depressive symptoms.
  • Publication
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    Disentangling Honor-Based Violence and Religion
    (2021)
    Beller, Johannes 
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    Hosser, Daniela 
    Religion is seen as one of the main causes of honor violence; yet, empirical studies investigating this purported relationship remain scarce. Therefore, we investigated how individual and social religious practices, religious fundamentalism, and demographic variables contribute to support for honor killings of women and men. We analyzed multinational face-to-face interview data of Muslims with a final sample size of N = 25,723. Using multilevel ordinal regression, we found that increased support for honor killings was strongly predicted by the frequency of mosque attendance, religious fundamentalism, a lower educational level, and living in a rural area. Conversely, gender and the frequency of private prayer did not significantly relate to support for honor killings. Thus, different aspects of religion have differential effects: Individual aspects of religious practice such as private prayer seem to be not significantly related to support for honor violence, whereas social aspects such as mosque attendance and religious fundamentalism strongly predict an increased support for honor killings.
      1
  • Publication
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    Slapping Them Into Heaven?
    (2021)
    Beller, Johannes 
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    Kliem, Sören 
    Support for corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with religiosity. Yet, little is known about which aspects of religiosity predict support for CP. To close this gap in the literature, we investigated how individual and social religiosity, religious fundamentalism, belief in heaven, belief in hell, and demographic variables contribute for the support of CP. We analyzed population-based cross-sectional data, as gathered in the General Social Survey, with a final sample size of n = 671. Using ordinal regression, we found that increased support for CP was best predicted by belief in heaven and religious fundamentalism. These results suggest that support for CP seems to emerge mainly from absolute belief in divine reward and retribution. Religious parents might endorse CP as a means to ensure that their children enter heaven.
      3
  • Publication
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    A hierarchical analysis of the latent trait of borderline personality disorder and its possible clinical implications
    (2020)
    Dreyße, Kathrin 
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    Beller, Johannes 
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    Armbrust, Michael 
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    Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe mental disorder which is accompanied by impaired functioning, complex psychosocial problems and incurs large costs. However, it rarely has been examined whether BPD symptoms form a hierarchical (Mokken) scale, which would imply that symptoms are ordered along a latent dimension of borderline severity. In this study the data from 1,198 inpatients of a psychosomatic clinic were examined. A non-parametric Mokken analysis was employed to investigate if the BPD symptoms measured by the impulsivity and emotion dysregulation scale (IES-27) formed a hierarchical scale. 16 of the 27 items, mainly regarding emotion dysregulation, formed a monotonous Mokken scale with a very strong hierarchy of BPD symptoms. These results imply that single BPD symptoms provide information about BPD severity, suggesting several important consequences regarding escalation of BPD, diagnosis and treatment, e.g. how to optimize treatment planning.
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  • Publication
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    Prädiktoren der Delinquenz bei adoleszenten Muslimen
    (2019)
    Beller, Johannes 
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    Hosser, Daniela